Lessons for Beginner Scribes on How to Paint SCA Scrolls and Maiolica
by Gael Stirler AKA Mistress Dairine mor o'uHigin of Atenveldt
The Gutenberg School of Scribes is a non-profit school within the SCA based in the Barony of Tir Ysgithr, Atenveldt (Tucson, AZ). GSS is dedicated to encouraging artists of all levels to serve their kingdoms by painting original and pre-printed scrolls. We also encourage making ceramic dishes to be used as prizes in a style called Maiolica and making silk banners to fly over our encampments using many of the same skills and designs used in illumination. We take the name of our school from the founder of modern printing, Johannes Gutenberg.
Go to Maiolica introduction
Go to Silk Banners introduction
Introduction to Illumination
Gutenberg was the first to use moveable type to print text in 1452 A.D. Of over 200 bibles that were printed in his workshop in Mainz, Germany, 47 are known to be in existance today. The text was printed on paper with black and red ink. He left open spaces within the text for artwork. Then artists, under his direction, would hand-illuminate the pages with capital letters, miniatures, leafy borders, and other colorful designs. Like Gutenberg we combine the use of modern technology (photocopiers) to duplicate the text and some of the designs on SCA scrolls--leaving room for the illuminators to work their magic. We use heavy bond or card stock with a vellum finish in white, cream, and ivory colors. If you are wondering if pure white paper is period, take a look at this page from the Gutenberg Bible. When I visited the Gutenberg museum I was amazed by the whiteness of the paper and the vibrance and variety of the pigments used.
Since Gutenberg's workshop was a place of business and not a monestary, his artists had to produce elegant work on a deadline for wealthy patrons. In the SCA we often have to create award scrolls that are beautiful in a very short time. So the GSS scrolls are mostly done in same 14th and 15th century continental style that characterizes the height of the illuminator's art.
The ideals of the Gutenberg School of Scribes are to:
- involve more people in the fun of creating beautiful and useful art.
- to teach this style in an easy step-by-step method
- provide original and pre-printed scrolls of high quality to our Crowns and coronets.
- make scrolls in sizes that are easy to frame (i.e. 8"X10", 8.5"X11", and 11"X14")
- document the efforts of our students so that they may get recognition
The inscription on the portrait of Gutenberg reads Und es ward licht which translates “And there was light” but it also has a double meaning of “And it was easy.” This is the motto of our school as well because painting with light (illumination) is easy!
To get started you will need
Once you have mastered the techniques you should graduate to using better quality papers, pigments, and 24 K gold leaf. Since we are only concerning ourselves here with illumination I have not said anything about supplies for calligraphy like pens or ink. I use Osmiroid cartridge calligraphy pens and perfer the smallest nibs but I have also used Shaffer dip pens successfully. For drawing lines I prefer a crow quill but I also use Sanford Uniball pens in fine and ultra fine.
I recommend buying sheets of 11" X 17" Bristol finished card stock like that used for newsletter covers or 11" X 14" Bristol or Vellum finished heavy drawing paper, sold in pads
- A student set of tube watercolor or gouache paints
like Reeves, Coteman, Marie's, Koi, or Talens
$6 to $20 from Jerry's Artarama, Blick Arts, Michael's, or Walmart.
- Three sableor acrylic, round watercolor brushes sizes 0, 2, and 4
about $12 for a set of 3 at any art supply store
- Liquid Leaf gold ink or gold metallic watercolor, or gold gouache
$5 to $8 from Michael's, Blick Art, or other art store.
- No. 2 pencils (avoid using their pink erasers, though)
- pencil sharpener
- kneaded eraser (the gummy, grey type)
- a cup for water
- A plastic or ceramic palette, a saucer or white plastic lid will do.
- paper towels
- a carry box to hold your tools
- a portfolio, plastic envelope, or folder to keep your art in so it isn't harmed
- a 3-ring binder with plastic sleeves for keeping copies of your work, lesson print-outs and documentation.